The Human Induced Climate Change Experiment
Global Warming Research, Development, and Educational Materials on
Anthropologic Climate Change and Pollution

for The Membrane Domain &

El Calentamiento Global Ha causado Daño Irremediable (Traducción en español

Original White Paper (1994-2001) by Brouse and Mukherjee

Abstract: It's Too Late

Global warming has caused irreparable damage to our environment. Almost all scientists agree that IN FACT global warming is a problem.
Humans have caused the destruction of the Earth's environment. Our planet has become unfit for human life. Now the question is can we adapt in time?

Experiments, Footnotes, Citations and Proof (2001 to Present)

Human induced climate change is an exponential component of an unordered system (chaos theory). That means global warming is accelerating at a rapid rate in a complex way.

"We are not saying that the Earth's temperature is just going to rise. In general, as energy is added to a system, the fluctuations in the system increase. So, we expect more storms, more droughts, more wildfires, more floods, more fluctuations of all kinds. What we are saying is that weather conditions will become more volatile due to the impact of humans," said Mukherjee and Brouse. (2004)

The increase in extreme weather events wreak havoc on humans' ability to adapt to the changing environment. For instance, severe droughts followed by severe rains create devastating floods. The parched earth can not absorb the water. The run-off produces contaminated flood waters that pollute the drinking water supply and breed diseases. The extreme weather events in the United States have overburdened FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) and jeopardized flood insurance.

Feedback loops accelerate global warming. For example, global warming has resulted in tree deaths and deforestation. Trees are a natural carbon sink for carbon dioxide, as well as, provide shade, retain moisture, and aid in cooling. As trees die from the effects of global warming, climate change is accelerated resulting in more tree deaths. Scientists' warning to humanity on tree extinctions, "This evidence suggests that a third of the world's tree species are currently threatened with extinction, which represents a major ecological crisis. Large-scale extinction of tree species will lead to major biodiversity losses in other species groups and substantially alter the cycling of carbon, water and nutrients in the world's ecosystems. Loss of tree diversity could lead to abrupt declines in ecosystem functions and services, and ultimately ecosystem collapse."

Now the question is can we adapt in time?

The answer is "probably not."

The author of research published in the journal Nature Climate Change said, "we're not going to be able to adapt to climate change."

"And once we have destabilized these ice sheets, there will be no stable coastline for centuries. I repeat: There will be no stable coastline for centuries. I apologize to the children," said Sidd Mukherjee in the paper Longthaw.

Research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reports, "by 2070, around 2 billion people are expected to live in extremely hot areas" similar to the Sahara Desert.

The study Greatly Enhanced Risk to Humans From Heat Stress found the world's population will experience -- for the first time in human history -- prolonged exposures to uncompensable extreme moist heat. Humans will struggle to adapt to these conditions in a warmer world as they will present widespread challenges across many aspects of food-energy-water security, human health, and economic development.

"Time is no longer running out to act on climate change; it's up," reports Deloitte.

Dr. William Colgan said, "A collapse of the colossal east Antarctic ice sheet, which would lead to a 52-metre rise in sea levels if it all melted, could be averted if rapid climate action is taken."

Monitored populations of vertebrates (mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles and fish) have already seen a devastating 69% drop. Many scientists believe we are living through the sixth mass extinction, and that it is being driven by humans. "Despite the science, the catastrophic projections, the impassioned speeches and promises, the burning forests, submerged countries, record temperatures and displaced millions, world leaders continue to sit back and watch our world burn in front of our eyes," said Tanya Steele, chief executive at WWF-UK. "The climate and nature crises, their fates entwined, are not some faraway threat our grandchildren will solve with still-to-be-discovered technology."

Air and water are the two most basic needs for human survival. Fresh air and fresh water are becoming scarce natural resources. Air pollution is now the leading cause of death and contributor to illness. Fresh water is being threatened by a decreasing supply of potable water, as well as, salt water intrusion due to the rising sea level.

Droughts, floods, and other extreme weather events threaten food security. Not only does food insecurity increase human suffering, famine, and death, it is also a leading cause of social instability and war.

There is a rapid increase in the number of deaths and ailments attributed to climate change. For humans that can survive the effects, they must migrate. The ever increasing numbers of immigrants are known as climate change refugees. (2015)

What now?
From 2016-2022, this section was dedicated to hope and optimism; however, 2021 was a record year for greenhouse gas emissions. Then in 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine creating a global energy security crisis. Most countries chose to increase greenhouse gas emissions even further. Therefore, there is little to no hope. Currently, we have crossed the tipping point when human induced climate change triggers a chain reaction of feedback loops. In 2022, the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) insisted there is "no credible pathway to 1.5℃ in place."

The Earth will exceed 1.5℃ (average global surface temperature over the surface of the earth for ten years) by the 2040's and a societal collapse will ensue. For the most part, the Earth will be uninhabitable for humans by 2070 UNLESS immediate action is taken. UPDATE: Since writing this in 2021, there is enough data to conclude 1.5℃ will be breached a decade earlier. In October 2023, the Imperial College of London published a study that concludes 1.5℃ will be reached by 2030 at our current rate of emissions. The average temperature for 2023 was +1.4℃ with September's average +1.7℃ and parts of July at +3℃.

What will create the change needed?
Litigation against oil companies and governments: The oil industry is going to be like the tobacco industry. The consumers claim they were misled about the dangers of burning fossil fuels and file lawsuits against the oil companies. As litigation drags on, you will not be able to buy oil or get insurance at a reasonable price (similar to what happened to cigarette smokers.) At the same time, children are litigating with their governments for their basic human rights. In Montana, children won the case of Held v. Montana over the "right to a clean and healthful environment."

How long would it take to go 100% green?
It depends on cooperation. If we all cooperated, we could change over within 6 months. However, we don't expect the climate deniers will cooperate. In the meantime, many countries plan to reduce fossil fuels by 2030. Some countries, such as China, are building nuclear plants. The UK will transition from natural gas to green hydrogen with most of the regulations in place by 2030.

The key to how fast the US transitions is in the cost to ourselves (since we don't seem to care about the rest of the world.) This can already be seen in Florida and Louisiana where almost all of the homeowners/hazard insurance companies have pulled out. FEMA is a good place to focus our forecasts. FEMA's flood insurance is the only government subsidized insurance available to everybody. When the government stops subsidizing extreme weather events -- Managed Retreat, you will see an instant turnover to 100% green. The intensity and frequency of extreme weather events is growing exponentially; therefore, we expect FEMA will be bankrupted in short order. At that time, much of US real estate will become worthless and the cost of burning fossil fuels will be deemed too costly. The people impacted by financial and life losses will litigate the fossil fuel industry out-of-business.

During 2022 consumers demanded more greenhouse gas emissions than ever. CO2 emissions rose to a new all-time high of 36.8 Gt. Methane levels in the atmosphere reached more than two and a half times their pre-industrial level.

In the spring of 2023, the USA suspended their national debt ceiling. Included in the debt ceiling suspension is a provision for unlimited emergency federal spending. The result is the government can continue to ignore the causes of climate change and instead give trillion-dollar subsidies to the fossil fuel industry through emergency disaster relief. Yes, another vicious circle -- more fossil fuels subsidies result in more climate catastrophes resulting in more fossil fuel subsidies, etc. The end result will be additional trillions in government borrowing while the standard of living declines.

In April, the World Meteorological Organization explaining the disappearance of the glaciers said, "This is serious." I asked, "Could this result in the fastest rise in sea levels ever?" Sidd Mukherjee replied, "Mmmm... how long is 'ever'?"

In June of 2023, we were discussing animal agriculture, carbon offsets and sequestration, planting trees, and greenwashing. I asked, "Is it a mistake for us to even suggest staying under 1.5℃ is a possibility?" Sidd replied, "1.5℃ is in the rear-view mirror these days."

During the first week of July 2023, the Earth had the hottest days ever averaging 17℃. So, I investigated Climate Change: How Long Is "Ever"?. The answer: humans have never lived with an average temperature of 17℃. You are one of the first to try to stay alive. Extreme weather will become more frequent and intense. Sea levels will rapidly rise as the coasts disappear. However, the most concerning development will be feedback loops and tipping points. Plants will become extinct and many carbon sinks will vanish. The Earth’s temperature will continue to accelerate no matter what humans do. Food, fresh water, and breathable air will cease to exist. Humans will likely follow in short order.

At what rate is climate change accelerating? A: Rapidly. The "doubling period" of some anthropogenic climate affects has gone from 100 years to 10 years. For instance the rate of sea level rise has gone from about 1.5 millimeters per year to over 3 millimeters. We expect to see the doubling period to continue to shrink raising the possibility of sea levels rising a foot/year by 2050. Though the rate of change in climate disasters' intensity, duration, and likelihood vary according to the type of extreme weather, a "rule-of-thumb" can be derived from the Canada wildfires of 2023. The World Weather Attribution Organization found, "Climate change made the cumulative severity of Quebec's 2023 fire season to the end of July around 50% more intense, and seasons of this severity at least seven times more likely to occur."

50% more intense
7 x more likely

These numbers may be similar in other catastrophes like hurricanes, heat waves, droughts, floods, tornadoes, and sea level rise. If the doubling time remains at 10 years, we could see extreme events 100% more intense and/or longer in duration, as well as, 14 times more likely to occur. As mentioned above, we expect the doubling time to be reduced. If the doubling time is 5 years, in ten years we could see 200% more intense and longer extreme weather events being 28 times more likely to occur.

How to go net zero now. Free and easy. Save thousands. Save the planet.

Turning Water Into Electricity

Continuing Research & Development about Anthropological Climate Change


Climate Change: How Long Is "Ever"? Brouse (2023)

Climate Change: The End of Times Brouse and Mukherjee (2023)

The Reign of Violent Rain Brouse and Mukherjee (2023)

Climate Change: Rate of Acceleration Brouse and Mukherjee (2023)

Toppled Tipping Points: The Domino Effect Brouse and Mukherjee (2023)

Sea-level Rise: Greenland and the Collapse of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet Mukherjee and Brouse (2022 and 2023)

Sea Level Rise: Then and Now Mukherjee and Brouse (2023)

Climate Change: The Equation Brouse and Mukherjee (2023)

Carbon Offsets and Sequestration: Planting Trees is Greenwashing Brouse (2023)

The Long-term Breathing Experiment Brouse (2023)

Health Impacts of Air Pollution Brouse (2023)

Climate Change and Cigarette Litigation Daniel Brouse (2016 and 2023)

Plymouth Meeting, Pennsylvania and the Creation of the Climate Crisis Daniel Brouse (2023)

Real Estate Underwater: A Florida Climate Change Case Study Daniel Brouse (2023)

Climate Change Impacts on Flood Risks and Real Estate Values Sidd Mukherjee and Daniel Brouse (2023)

Real Estate and Climate Change: Stranded on an Island Daniel Brouse (2023)

Climate Endgame: Exploring catastrophic climate change scenarios Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2022)

Emissions Gap Report UN Environment Programme (2022)

Extreme Heat: Uninhabitable Within Decades U.N. humanitarian aid agency OCHA and the International Federation of Red Cross (2022)

Managed Retreat: Relocating Due to Climate Change Extreme Weather Events Politico (2022)

The Momentum of Rain Daniel Brouse and Sidd Mukherjee (2022)

The Missing Risks of Climate Change Nature (2022)

What about solar energy? Can't we use solar for everything? Daniel Brouse (2022)

2021 saw the largest emissions of greenhouse gases, ocean acidification, and sea level rise in human history IPCC (2022)

FEMA Flood Insurance Risk Rating 2.0 FEMA (2021)

COVID-19 and Air Pollution Daniel Brouse (2020)

Miami's Fight Against Rising Seas Amanda Ruggeri / BBC (2020)

Civilians and Military Collaborate to Address Climate Change Doug Irving / RAND (2020)

Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources Climate Change Plan (2019)

Biloxi-Chitimacha-Choctaw Indians Climate Change Refugees Daniel Brouse (2016)

Killing Ourselves With Climate Change US Global Change Research Program (2016)

Feedback Loops Daniel Brouse and Sidd Mukherjee (2016)

Death By Ozone Daniel Brouse (2015)

Just Say *NO* to Bio-fuels Daniel Brouse (2012)

California's First Cap-and-Trade Auction Environmental Defense Fund (2012)

Australia's Carbon Tax, Australia Government (2012)

Artic Ozone Hole, NOAA (2011)

Single Stream Recycling Process, Daniel Brouse (2011)

Antarctic Ozone Hole Persists, At Least for a While, National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration (2010)

What Are Humans Doing to the Water?, Daniel Brouse / The Membrane Domain (2010)

EPA: Greenhouse Gases Threaten Public Health and the Environment, Daniel Brouse (2009)

Dying Trees, The Membrane Domain (2009)

  1. Tree Death Questions
  2. The Earth's Status
  3. Answers About Ozone and Dying Trees
  4. Ozone Questions Part 4
  5. Ozone Answers Part 5
  6. Is It Time To Panic?
  7. The Sleeping Giant Analogy

Gasoline Plus Ethanol Equals Bad Ozone, The Membrane Domain (2009)

Invasive Species, Growing Seasons, Life Cycles & Global Warming, The Membrane Domain (2008)

Excess Ozone Chokes Plants, Accelerates Global Warming, NaturalNews (2008)

Melting Arctic Circle Ice Drives Polar Bears Closer to Extinction, U.S. House of Representatives (2008)

Holy Cow! (The Poop On Poop), Daniel Brouse (2008)

Fight Global Warming: Eat Less Meat, Juliette Jowit (2008)

Emissions Trading, Daniel Brouse (2008)

Radical Solution to Climate Change: Global Dimming Through Sulphur, Triple Pundit (2008)

Prince Charles Urges Forest Logging Halt, BBC (2008)

Foliage Spoilage & the Trees' Canopy Collapse, The Membrane Domain (2007)

Early 2007 Saw Record-breaking Extreme Weather: U.N., Laura MacInnis (2007)

Scientist's Panel Says Global Warming Real, Worsening, Seth Borenstein (2007)

46 Nations Want Global Warming Police, Angela Charlton and Seth Borenstein (2007)

Greenland: Slip Sliding Away, S. Mukherjee (2006)

Rearing Cattle Produces More Greenhouse Gases Than Driving Cars, UN Report Warns, UN News Centre (2006)

Floodplain Maps Force Towns Into Tricky Waters, Diane Mastrull, Philadelphia Inquirer (2006)

Global Warming Fuels U.S. Forest Fires, Sara Goudarzi (2006)

Antarctic Ice Sheet Losing Mass, GRACE / NASA (2006)

North Pole Meets South Pole: Earth Is Melting at Both Ends, Bill Blakemore, ABC News (2006)

Melting Away, Mike Davis (2005)

Environmental Decay May Prompt Refugee Surge-study, Reuters (2005)

Some Experts Say It's Time to Evacuate the Coast (for Good), NY Times, Cornelia Dean (2005)

U.S. Resists Strong Global Warming Language at G8, USA Today (2005)

Bush Aide Changed Data on Global Warming Reports, Elites TV (2005)

Global Warming Denial?, The Membrane Domain (2005)

Study Predicts City Flood Threat Due to Warming, Susan Milligan (2005)

Feted and Hated, Kyoto Enters Into Force, Reuters (2005)

Sea Level Rise, S. Mukherjee (2004)

Global warming: a perspective from earth history, Stratigraphy Commission of the Geological Society of London (2004)

Heatwave Study, Alister Doyle (2004)

Real, Philippines, AP (2004)

The Eastern Ribbon Snake, S. Mukherjee & D. Brouse (2004)

Surprise CO2 Rise May Speed Up Global Warming McCarthy (2004)

Arctic Thaw Threatens People, Polar Bears Doyle (2004)

Climate Change Rises on Global Agenda, Charles J. Hanley (2004)

Only Nuclear Power Can Now Halt Global Warming, Michael McCarthy (2004) [Discussion Of This Article]

Retreating glaciers trigger Alaskan tremors, Geological Society of London (2004)

Sidd's Summary, S. Mukherjee (2004)

Ocean Report, Portsmouth Herald (2004)

Salt Water Intrusion, University of San Carlos-Water Resource Center (2004)

Ocean Circulation Directly Linked to Abrupt Climate Change, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (2004)

The Origins of Human-influenced Climate Change, Richard Lovett (2004)

Argentina Glacier Loses Giant Wall of Ice, AP (2004)

Report Warns Rising Ocean Temperatures Will Kill Most of the Coral on the Great Barrier Reef by 2050, AP (2004)

The Fight Against the Rising Tide, Charles Arthur (2004)

Arrival Of The Cuckoo Wasp, D. Brouse (2003)

Fears Rise For Sinking Sundarbans, BBC (2003)

Europe's L argest Glacier Shrivels Under Global Warming, AFP (2003)

Oil, S. Mukherjee (2003)

Mystery Cancer Wiping Out Tasmanian Devils, Reuters (2003)

New Zealand Farmers Sniffy Over Flatulence Tax, Reuters (2003)

South American Glaciers' Big Melt, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (2003)

Signals Mount That a New El Niño is Gathering Steam, Peter N. Spotts (2002)

Bush Rejects Global Warming Treaty, Associated Press (2001)

This Year Was the 2nd Hottest, Confirming a Trend, U.N. Says, Associated Press (2001)

Methane Explosion Warmed the Prehistoric Earth, Possible Again, NASA (2001)

The prevailing scientific view is that continued and increased emissions of greenhouse gases will disrupt the Earth's climate in the foreseeable future., State Of NJ (1998)

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